How to Prevent Hyperpigmentation This Summer
Having an even skin tone and a pigment-free complexion is easier said than done when summer comes around. Between the harsh UV rays of the season and well... living in Australia, our skin is particularly vulnerable to hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation shows up at its best through freckles, and at its worst, through irritation, skin discolouration and accelerated ageing.
So what is the deal with hyperpigmentation?
As each skin is unique, hyperpigmentation might look different on you than someone else. To prevent it from developing this summer, it is crucial to look for specific signs, choose the proper prevention method, and treat gently an already-damaged skin to inhibit further harm.
Signs of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation occurs as a result of an inflammation of the skin. This inflammation can be caused by a hormonal imbalance through acne, an autoimmune reaction - such as eczema or psoriasis - or simply through extensive sun exposure.
As a result, hyperpigmentation can flourish in several ways:
- Melasma. This condition develop as a result of hormonal change. Melasma are large patches of darkened skin that can appear anywhere on the body. Experts have noted a prevalence of Melasma in people with dark skin tones and during pregnancy (with patches developing on the stomach).
- Post-inflammatory pigmentation. This can be triggered as a result of an injury or a skin inflammation. Spots and patches of darkened skin are common on the face and neck. It's been noted that post-inflammatory pigmentation is more prevalent from eczema, acne, or skin-altering injuries.
- Age and sunspot. These are caused over time by excessive sun exposure, and appear as dark spots or freckles all over the skin. A prevalence in people with light or fair skin tone and older adults is common as the skin is more vulnerable.
How to Prevent Hyperpigmentation
Inflammation is the most important factor triggering an hyperpigmentation. This means that the best way to avoid wrecking your skin is to manage the inflammation in the first place.
For an hormonal or autoimmune inflammation, the key is to follow an appropriate treatment and diet recommended by a healthcare professional. Also, being mindful of your sun exposure and keeping your skin shielded with clothes and sunscreen is the strongest form of prevention.
Health professionals recommend:
- A physical block sunscreen with active zinc
- An SPF 30 to 50
- A broad-spectrum sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB
- Daily application every 2 hours if you're exposed to the sun.
Treating Damaged Skin
If your skin is already suffering from some level of hyperpigmentation, not all is lost... There are ways to treat and reverse the damage.
Dermatologists note that embracing a skincare routine rich in antioxidants - such as vitamin C and E - can boost skin cell regeneration and repair damage. LED and laser treatments are also minimally invasive and can reduce the appearance of dark spots and discolouration.
Adding more sunscreen to your beauty routine is also crucial to prevent further damage and darkening. And if you use a sunscreen rich in natural and healing ingredients, it can also support your skin from regenerating. Our tinted zinc contains things like coconut oil, olive oil, and cocoa butter, which have shown to be beneficial for the skin.
Many hyperpigmentation problems can be prevented with sunscreen. So this summer, make sure you apply it all over yourself. Your complexion will thank you for it.